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1. Starting point: London
1.1 GENTLEMEN’S CLUBS
At the turn of the twentieth century, London boasted approximately two hundred gentlemen’s clubs; half of these all-male enclaves had been founded in the last thirty years of the century, and at midcentury applicants could expect to endure waits of eighteen or twenty years. Gentlemen’s clubs tended to cluster in London in the exclusive preserve known as “clubland,” located predominately on St. James’s Street and Pall Mall St. The first among the Victorian clubs were the Athenaeum, founded in 1824 for men of science, literature, and art. The next club opened was the Reform Club, the one Phileas Fogg attends. More information here:
- History o the Reform Club (official website of the Club)
- Gentlemen’s Clubs in London
- Victorian London: the Reform Club (different descriptions of the Club)
1.2 A TRUE GENTLEMAN
Phileas Fogg is said to be a typical gentleman of the Victorian period. In order to be a true gentleman you must follow some rules and have some characteristics. The next posts can help you:
- Post 1 – This is an easy way to understand the gentleman ways
- Post 2 – This one is more dense, but useful too
- Post 3 – This one is quite long, but you may want to check it out
You can find information of Victorian England here ➡️ An introduction to Victorian England (1837-1901)
1.3 DESCRIBING LONDON
To write a brief description of 19th-century London, you should check this information:
- How London changed during the Victorian period
- Lifestyle and social classes
- Children in London
- 19th-century London (Wikipedia post)
1.4 THE MAP OF LONDON
Explore the following maps of London to find the following places: Picadilly Circus, Trafalgar Square, St. James Park, the gardens of Victoria Embankment, Regent Street, Pall Mall Street, the National Gallery, the Reform Club, Waterloo Bridge and Charing Cross Station.
1.5 SCOTLAND YARD
What’s Scotland Yard about? Find information here:
- A brief history of Scotland Yard
- Scotland Yard (Wikipedia post)
- 10 datos curiosos sobre Scotland Yard (in Spanish)
- WATCH OUT! The Crime Museum ?
2. Suez Canal, a shortcut to trade
2.1 CONNECTING TWO SEAS
You’ll need to read -at least one of- this two posts:
Explore via Google Maps the area of the Suez Canal. What two seas does it connect? What deserts surround it? Look closely its path. Can you spot the container ships transporting your mobile phone and clothes?
2.2 CONTAINERS, WHERE EVERYTHING’S IN
Container ships transport containers. It’s as simple as that. But containers are not just containers, and their importance is critical -and mostly unknown.
- Top 10 shipping companies
- Biggest container ships
- Twenty-foot equivalent unit (TEU) (Wikipedia post)
- ¿Qué es el TEU? (in Spanish)
2.3 TRADE ROUTESNorthernSeaRoute
3. India: geography and culture
3.1 RAIL TRANSPORT IN INDIA
The railways are an important mode of transport in India. More than 23 million passengers use Indian Railways (IR) network daily. The national rail network comprises 123,542 km of track and 7,349 stations. IR is the world’s eighth largest employer, with more than 1.2 million employees.
3.2 GANGES RIVER AND ITS BASIN
The River Ganges emerges in the western Himalayas and flows down across northern India into Bangladesh, where it empties into the Bay of Bengal. Nearly 80% of the Ganges river basin is in India, the rest is in Nepal, China and Bangladesh. The River Ganges is more than 2,500km long and has the most populated river basin in the world. Hundreds of millions of people and a huge range of wildlife rely on the Ganges. But pollution, dams and removal of too much water (mostly for agriculture) have affected the flow and health of this vital river.
Some Hindus believe that Ganges flowed from heaven to purify humans. Sometimes the river is represented in female form because many Hindus refer to it as ‘mother Gangaa’ or ‘she’. There are various locations along the River Ganges which can attract millions of pilgrims. Many Hindus believe water from anywhere on the River Ganges is purifying and holy.
Read this posts to understand the importance of Ganges river:
- The Ganges (WWF)
- Ganges River Basin (National Geographic)
3.3 HOLY POLLUTION!
The Ganges river, holy to most Indians, flows from the western Himalayas down to the Bay of Bengal through crowded cities, industrial hubs and some of the most populated areas in the world. The river begins as pristine, clear waters in the icy heights of the tallest mountain range in the world. But pollution, untreated sewage and use by hundreds of millions of people transform parts of it into toxic sludge by the time it reaches the sea.
Here you have a transcript of the video, so you can read what they are saying.
Read this interesting posts to understand the pollution that suffers Ganges river:
- Pollution of the Ganges (Wikipedia)
- Saving the river Ganges (Reuters)
- PHOTOS: Here you have photos that may help you understand how Ganges river is…
3.4 TRADITION AND RELIGION
Although India is home for 200 million Muslims and 30 million Christians, the largest religious group in the country is Hinduism, with more than 900 million followers.
- Information about the importance of cows in Hinduism
- Information about Kali
- Information about Durga
- Information about Lakshmi
4. Southeast Asian Markets
4.1 SOUTH EAST ASIA, AN OVERPOPULATED REGION
Southeast Asia covers about 4.5 million km2, which is 10.5% of Asia. Its total population is more than 655 million, about 8.5% of the world’s population. The region is culturally and ethnically diverse, with hundreds of languages spoken by different ethnic groups.
- You can find useful information here
- And also here!
4.2 WET MARKETS, THE TRADITIONAL MARKETS
A wet market is a marketplace selling fresh meat, fish, produce, and other perishable goods. It is distinguished from «dry markets» that sell durable goods, such as fabric and electronics. At the end of the day, wet markets are washed down with hoses and buckets.
➡️ Here you have information about wet markets
➡️ And here some info about wet markets hygiene problems
4.3 CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICTS (CBD), THE NEW MARKETS
When talking about Economy, most of Southeast Asian countries are called tiger cubs because of their economic and financial strength. They are tiger cubs because the real tigers in Asia are Taiwan, Hong Kong, South Korea and Singapore, the ones that have already developed their systems. Anyways, the Southeast Asian tiger cubs are developing fast and maybe soon their economies will match those in the Core.
➡️ You will find interest info about Tiger Cubs economy here
➡️ And also here
➡️ And… here too!
➡️ And you should definitely check this out
VIEW OF SINGAPORE’S CBD:
5. Steamships in the Ocean
5.1 HOW STEAMERS ACTUALLY WORK
When talking about engineering or technology is easy to get confused. What we need to know is all comes from the power of steam (produced by boiling water). This steam can move almost anything! From a paddle (paleta) to a propeller (hélice).
- Information about the steam engine (text + video)
- Information about the paddle wheel
- Information about propellers
Here you can see how the turbines of a steamer move the paddle wheel. If a steamer moves thanks to a paddle wheel we talk about a paddle steamer. Paddle steamers were very common to navigate through American rivers.
5.2 SHIP PREFIXES
A ship prefix is a combination of letters, usually, abbreviations, used in front of the name of a civilian or naval ship that has historically served numerous purposes, such as identifying the vessel’s mode of propulsion, purpose, or ownership/nationality.
6. From the West Coast to the East Coast
6.1 A VAST COUNTRY
6.2 A DANGEROUS JOURNEY
Americans wanted to conquer the West, but its vast extension, few facilities and many dangers made it a difficult task. Here are some links that may help you to complete the 20-line writing about the conquering of the Wild West:
- American Indian Wars
- ➡️this article may also help you
- Beware of Bandits!
- ➡️mention outlaws like Billy the Kid, Jesse James, Butch Cassidy or the Dalton Brothers)
- ?watch Gunslingers of the Wild West
- California Gold Rush
- ➡️you may also find interesting this post
- ?watch The California Gold Rush
- The Oregon Trail
- ?watch The Oregon Trail
6.3 THE EXTERMINATION OF THE NATIVE AMERICANS
- California genocide
- When Native Americans were slaughtered in the name of ‘Civilization’
- Indian reservation
7. Crossing the Atlantic Ocean
7.1 OCEAN LINERS, MONSTROUS SHIPS
An ocean liner is a passenger ship primarily used as a form of transportation across seas or oceans. Liners may also carry cargo or mail, and may sometimes be used just for pleasure cruises (tourism). The first ocean liners were built in the mid-19th century. Technological innovations such as the steam engine allowed larger and faster liners to be built. Once the dominant form of travel between continents, ocean liners were rendered largely obsolete by the emergence of long-distance aircraft after World War II. Advances in automobile and railway technology also played a role. After RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 was retired in 2008, the only ship still in service as an ocean liner is the RMS Queen Mary 2.
7.2 WHITE STAR LINE
One of the biggest companies manufacturing ocean liners was the British White Star Line, founded in 1845. Between 1911 and 1915 it constructed three similar liners:
- RMS Olympic (1911)
- RMS Titanic (1912)
- HMHS Britannic (1915)
These three ocean liners, called Olympic-class, had quite bad experiences. Titanic sunk five days after she sailed for the first time, after crashing with an iceberg, and Britannic had the same fate in the Aegean Sea, sinking after striking an old mine in 1916.
7.3 A MATTER OF CLASS
Onboard the Titanic they all were passengers, but they were not the same. Only firs-class passengers could enjoy the Turkish baths, the gymnasium or the cafés.