Cecil Rhodes’ dream: unite North and South Africa by train

Cecil Rhodes, the British entrepreneur and politician, had an ambitious vision of expanding British control in Africa. His primary goal was to unify Africa under British influence and, ultimately, to connect Cape Town at the southern tip of the continent to Cairo in the north through a railway line that would traverse the entire continent. This vision is known as the «Cape to Cairo Railway Dream.»

hodes believed that the expansion of the British Empire in Africa would bring benefits to both the United Kingdom and the indigenous populations. However, his expansionist approach often rested on white supremacy and imperialism, which generated challenges and conflicts throughout his life.

To achieve his goals, Rhodes played a key role in the creation of two states that bore his name: Southern Rhodesia (present-day Zimbabwe) and Northern Rhodesia (present-day Zambia). He was also involved in the British colonial expansion in Africa and in the Berlin Conference of 1884-1885, where European powers partitioned Africa.